Diamond is the king of all stones. Its fire, brilliance and historical allure alone set it apart from all other colored stones.
Diamonds come in every color like the more known yellow and pink, to the illustrious and amazingly rare blues, greens and even reds.
Other than beauty diamond has unique characteristics - it is the hardest material known on earth and it transfers and conducts heat better than any other material making it valuable for various industrial uses.
Rare and Illustrious Diamonds of History:
Arguably the diamond with the greatest historical importance is the Koh-Noor, meaning Mountain of Light in Farsi.
Originally found in the Golconda mine in India during the 1300’s, the Koh-i-Noor diamond had an astonishing weight of 793 carats before cutting. It was immediately sent to master cutters who polished the stone to a final weight of 186 carats and presented it to the ruler of the time Turco-Mongol. For many years the diamond was unseen and believed to be passed down from generation to generation in the royal family.
When the Shah of Persia invaded the Mongols in the 18th century the Koh-i-Noor was one of the treasures he was after. Search after search the Shah had no luck, but he was then told by a high-level defector that the Mongol ruler kept the diamond in his turban for safe keeping. With this information the Shah was able to get his prized treasure with the snap of a finger. But the Shah did not want to kill or use violence to claim his prize. Instead he invited the ruler to a grand banquet in which it is tradition to trade headpieces between respecting parties for the night. The Shah offered to switch with the Mongol who had no choice but to accept out of tradition. During the dinner the Shah went aside in private to unravel the turban which was hiding his prize. When he saw the diamond, he yelled “Koh-i-Noor!” This is how the most illustrious diamond in the world got its name.
After some years and the British invasion of Persia, the Koh-i-Noor was stolen by the British and presented to Queen Victoria. Unhappy with the diamonds old cutting style she ordered it to be repolished. As a result, the diamond fell from 186 carats to a 105.6 carat stone.
Today it is set in the royal crown of England, still worn on special occasions. The crown and diamond can be seen by visiting the Tower of London in London, England.
A 45.52 carat Fancy Blue Diamond mined in India in 1642. It was set in the Royal Crown of France for Luis the 14th. It was then stolen during the French revolution and not to be seen ever again, even to this day. In 1830 a 42.52 carat blue diamond went on the market and was bought by Henri Thomas Hope which strangely had similar characteristics and color as the original blue diamond. To this day many people believe the original Hope Diamond was recut into smaller diamonds after the revolution in order to sell it on the open market. It remains a mystery even to this day.
Red diamonds are the most rare gems in the world. Most people working in the jewelry or diamond industry has never even seen a red diamond in person.
In 1990 a common farmer in brazil found a unique red stone on his land. What it turned out to be was the worlds largest red diamond which weighed 5.11 carats after polishing and has an estimated value over $20,000,000.